Suriname: the beating heart of the Amazon

Suriname, "The beating heart of the Amazon", is the only Dutch-speaking country in South America. The country includes at least 80% of untouched nature, is surrounded by the neighboring countries of French Guyana, Brazil and Guyana and borders the Atlantic Ocean in the north. Before 1975, Suriname was a colony of the Netherlands. Suriname gained its independence on November 25, 1975 and was declared a democratic republic.


The country has a good infrastructure, especially on the north side and 2/3 of the population lives here. If you want to go further south then you have to rely on a boat or plane. The population consists of Indians, the original inhabitants, Creoles and Bush Negroes, born from the slaves, Hindustani, guest workers from the south of India per 1873 and Javanese, contract workers from 1890 from Indonesia. Furthermore, the Chinese who are still coming and the Boeroes are the descendants of Dutch farmers who arrived in Suriname around 1843. All in all, around 453,000 people (2007) now live in Suriname. This number could have been many times larger if it were not for many Surinamese in 1975 to prefer independence to the Netherlands.


Suriname has a tropical climate. That means that there are few temperature differences. The seasons that occur are those with much or little rainfall. It is therefore moist and sometimes stuffy. The daytime temperatures vary from 28 to 33 degrees where the city is often warmer. The rainfall is often short-lived but heavy. In the morning the temperature drops to around 20-22 degrees.

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