Suriname: the beating heart of the Amazon
Suriname, “The beating heart of the Amazon”, is the only Dutch-speaking country in South America. The country includes at least 80% of untouched nature, is surrounded by the neighboring countries of French Guiana, Brazil and Guyana and borders the Atlantic Ocean in the north.
Before 1975 Suriname was a colony of the Netherlands. On November 25, 1975 Suriname gained its independence and was declared a democratic republic.
Suriname has a tropical climate. That means that there are few temperature differences. The seasons that occur are those with much or little rainfall. It is therefore moist and sometimes stuffy. The daytime temperatures vary from 28 to 33 degrees where the city is often warmer. The rainfall is often short-lived but heavy. In the morning the temperature drops to around 20-22 degrees.
The country has a good infrastructure, especially on the north side, where 2/3 of the population lives. If you want to go further south, you need a boat or plane. The population consists of Indians, the original inhabitants, Creoles and Maroons, originated from the slaves, Hindustanis, guest workers from the south of India per 1873 and Javanese, indentured laborers from Indonesia per 1890.
Furthermore, the Chinese who still come and the Boeroes are the descendants of Dutch farmers who arrived in Suriname around 1843. All in all, about 453,000 people (2007) now live in Suriname. This number could have been many times greater were it not for the fact that many “Surinamese” in 1975 preferred to leave for the Netherlands at independence.